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This Collection was produced in collaboration with The University of North Carolina Press as an accompaniment to 
A Communion of Shadows: Religion and Photography in Nineteenth-Century America, by Rachel McBride Lindsey (2017 © University of North Carolina Press).

The Word as Witness
Visual Regimes

About the Author

Rachel McBride Lindsey is a scholar of religion and visual culture and teaches in the Department of Theological Studies at Saint Louis University. Lindsey's scholarship focuses on material and visual cultures of religion, particularly in relation to visual regimes of race and nation, and traverses disciplinary frameworks of visual studies, American studies, and religious studies. Her first book is A Communion of Shadows: Religion and Photography in Nineteenth-Century America (University of North Carolina Press, 2017).

Suggestions for Further Reading: 

Barnett, Teresa. Sacred Relics: Pieces of the Past in Nineteenth-Century America. University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Barthes, Roland. Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography. New York: Hill and Wang, 2010 [1980].

Batchen, Geoffrey. "Vernacular Photographies." History of Photography 24 (Autumn 2000): 262-272.

___. Each Wild Idea: Writing, Photography, History. Cambridge, Mass. and London: MIT Press, 2002.

___. Forget Me Not: Photography and Remembrance (Amsterdam: Van Gogh Museum; New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2004).

Bowman, Marion and Ü. Valk, eds. Vernacular Religion in Everyday Life: Expressions of Belief. Bristol, CT and Sheffield, England: Equinox Publishing, 2012.

Cobb, Jasmine Nichole. Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century. New York: NYU Press, 2015.

Comment, Bernard.  The Painted Panorama, trans. Anne-Marie Glasheen. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the 19th Century. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press, 1992.

Edwards, Elizabeth. "Photographic Uncertainties: Between Evidence and Reassurance." History & Anthropology 25, no. 2 (March 2014): 171–88.

Edwards, E. and J. Hart. eds. Photographs Objects Histories. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Edwards, Elizabeth, Chris Gosden, and Ruth Bliss Phillips. Sensible Objects: Colonialism, Museums and Material Culture. Berg, 2006.

Freedberg, David. The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Fusco, Coco and Brian Wallis. Editors. Only Skin Deep: Changing Visions of the American Self. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2003.

Gunning, Tom. "Invisible Worlds, Visible Media." In Brought to Light: Photography and the Invisible, 1840-1900. Edited by Corey Keller. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008, 51-63.

Hallote, Rachel. "Photography and the American Contribution to Early ‘Biblical’ Archaeology, 1870-1920." Near Eastern Archaeology 70 (2007), 26-41.

Harvey, John. Photography and Spirit. London: Reaktion Books, 2007.

Houtman, Dick, and Birgit Meyer, eds. Things: Religion and the Question of Materiality. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.

Jay, Martin, and Sumathi Ramaswamy, eds. Empires of Vision: A Reader. Durham: Duke University Press Books, 2014.

Jolly, Martin. Faces of the Living Dead: The Belief in Spirit Photography. London: The British Library, 2006.

Kaplan, Louis. American Exposures: Photography and Community in the Twentieth Century. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.

_____. The Strange Case of William Mumler, Spirit Photographer. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.

Levine, Lawrence W. "The Historian and the Icon: Photography and the History of the American People in the 1930s and 1940s." The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Lindsey, Rachel McBride. "Mirror of All Perfection: Jesus and the Strongman in America, 1893-1920," American Quarterly 68.1 (March 2016), 23-47.

McDannell, Colleen. Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.

Meyer, Birgit. "An Author Meets her Critics around Birgit Meyer’s ‘Mediation and the Genesis of Presence: Toward a Material Approach to Religion," Religion and Society 1 (2014), 205-254.

Miller, Angela. The Empire of the Eye: Landscape Representation and American Cultural Politics, 1825-1875. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Morgan, David and Sally M. Promey. Editors. The Visual Culture of American Religions. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Musser, Charles. "Passions and the Passion Play: Theatre, Film and Religion in America, 1880-1900." Film History 5 (Dec., 1993), 419-456.

Nagler, Linda Fregni. The Hidden Mother. MACK; Nouveau Musée National de Monaco, 2013.

Newhouse, Alana. Editor. A Living Lens: Photographs of Jewish Life from the Pages of the Forward. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.

Nir, Yeshayanu. The Bible and the Image: The History of Photography in the Holy Land, 1839-1899. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.

Olin, Margaret. Touching Photographs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Painter, Nell Irivin. "Ut Pictura Poesis; or, The Sisterhood of the Verbal and Visual Arts." In Writing Biography: Historians and their Craft. Edited by Lloyd E. Ambrosius. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Pegler-Gordon, Anna. In Sight of America: Photography and the Development of U.S. Immigration Policy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Pinney, Christopher. Photos of the Gods: The Printed Image and Political Struggle in India. Reaktion Books, 2004.

Primiano, Leonard. "Vernacular Religion and the Search for Method in Religious Folklife." Western Folklore 54 (January 1995), 37-56.

Promey, Sally M., ed. Sensational Religion: Sensory Cultures in Material Practice. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Raiford, Leigh. Imprisoned in a Luminous Glare: Photography and the African American Freedom Struggle. The University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Rogers, Molly. Delia’s Tears: Race, Science, and Photography in Nineteenth-Century America. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010.

Rony, Fatimah Tobing. The Third Eye: Race, Cinema, and Ethnographic Spectacle. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1996.

Sandweiss, Martha. Print the Legend: Photography and the American West. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002.

Schmidt, Leigh Eric. Holy Fairs: Scotland and the Making of American Revivalism. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2001.

Schwain, Kristin. Signs of Grace: Religion and American Art in the Gilded Age. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2008.

Smith, Shawn Michelle. American Archives: Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Sontag, Susan. On Photography. New York: Macmillan, 1977.

___. Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Picador, 2003.

Stauffer, John, Zoe Trodd, Celeste-Marie Bernier, Henry Louis Gates Jr, and Kenneth B. Morris Jr. Picturing Frederick Douglass: An Illustrated Biography of the Nineteenth Century’s Most Photographed American. 1 edition. New York: Liveright, 2015.

Trachtenberg, Alan. Reading American Photographs: Images as History, Mathew Brady to Walker Evans. New York: Hill and Wang, 1989.

West, Nancy Martha. Kodak and the Lens of Nostalgia. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2000.

Wexler, Laura. Tender Violence: Domestic Visions in an Age of U.S. Imperialism. 1st New edition. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

___. "The Puritan in the Photograph," in Michael P., Kramer and Nan Goodman, eds. The Turn Around Religion in America: Literature, Culture, and the Work of Sacvan Bercovitch. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2013, 123-156.

Willis, Deborah. Editor. Picturing Us: African American Identity in Photography. New York: The New Press, 1994.

___. Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers, 1840 to 1999. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2000.

Wilson, Jackie Napolean. Hidden Witness: African-American Images from the Dawn of Photography to the Civil War (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999).

Wojcik, Daniel. "‘Polaroids from Heaven’: Photography, Folk Religion, and the Miraculous Image Tradition at a Marian Apparition Site." The Journal of American Folklore 109, no. 432 (1996): 129–48.


Rachel McBride Lindsey
Volume 1: Issue 1
© Rachel McBride Lindsey


Citation Guide 

1. Rachel McBride Lindsey, "A Communion of Shadows: Religion and Photography in Nineteenth-Century America," Collection, in MAVCOR Journal 1 (2017), doi:10.22332/mav.coll.2017.1

Lindsey, Rachel McBride. "A Communion of Shadows: Religion and Photography in Nineteenth-Century America." Collection. In MAVCOR Journal 1 (2017), doi:10.22332/mav.coll.2017.1